Sitting in a classroom all day is really bad for our children's health – and a study just proved it
Whenever I ask my children about what the best bit about their school day was, the answer is pretty much always the same – break time or PE.
Running around outside, being with their friends, coming up with games and generally just being active and in fresh air – that is what my children, most children, I would argue, love the very most.
We walk to and from school every day, but even so, personally, I think being active should play a much greater part in their school day than what it does at present.
Why? Because not only do periods of activity in between sitting still lead to a greater ability to sit down and learn, but also because we are only beginning to understand just how harmful all this sitting is to our overall health.
Worryingly, a 2018 US study showed that prolonged sitting, more than 6 hours a day, was associated with a higher risk of mortality from heart disease, cancer, and "all other causes." A recent paper released by UCLA professors encouraged college-aged students and faculty to get up and move during classes. The lead researcher, Angelia Leung, is a dance professor at UCLA. Leung, and the other researchers involved, found that many college students and faculty members were unaware of the health risks associated with prolonged sitting. They also found that students felt it was socially unacceptable to stand up and stretch during class.
As adults confined to our office desks, most of us can relate to how this isn’t really the most ideal position. Our posture and bodies suffer from sitting and craning our necks towards computers for too long.
We know all this sitting is bad for us, but it turns out this is hurting our children more than we think.
Writing in Principal, published by the National Association of Elementary School Principals, author Brad Johnson recently described the practise of sitting at school desks as “inhumane”.
He goes on to lists the health-related issues that arise from this: rising obesity (“One in three children in the US is overweight or obese — double the figures from the 1980s”), diabetes (“From 2000 to 2009, incidences of adult-onset (Type 2) diabetes in children and teens increased 30 percent”) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (“…5.7 million children age 6-17 who have been diagnosed with ADHD”).
These are scary numbers, and we know the same statistics are happening here.
“Beyond the obvious health-related issues, research suggests that sedentary education might be the reason that students’ creativity and intelligence are hindered throughout their formative years,” Johnson writes.
Interestingly, according to Christopher Bergland from Psychology Today, the ancient Greeks had a sound understanding of the importance of movement in education. Over 2,000 years ago, Aristotle established the 'Peripatetic' meaning: "Conversations while walking," which was the way his teachers and students interacted. They would walk around while teaching. Aristotle's school didn't have auditoriums filled with rows of tiny desks, and for a good reason. The Peripatetic school emphasized the need to move in order to exercise the brain.
While walking around while learning Irish or maths might be a bit of a stretch, Johnson absolutely recommends more movement for children – as this means more benefits for them in terms of learning.
“First, physical activity improves brain elasticity, which allows children to learn more easily," he writes. "Second, there is evidence that contact with the natural environment has a calming effect on children. And third, exercise releases endorphins (neurotransmitters that produce a feeling of well-being) that make children feel more relaxed."