Saturday Read: Teaching Our Children About Consent Should Start In Early Childhood
The topic of consent is everywhere at the moment; it is an important social issue that affects each and every person, male or female, no matter their age. While I welcome mandatory consent classes on college campuses, I can’t help but wonder whether we are leaving it too late to begin introducing the topic of consent to the young people of Ireland?
Let’s face it; the majority of first-year college students are already sexually active. Should these mandatory classes be part of the secondary curriculum? Absolutely. But as parents, I feel it is our responsibility to plant the seed much earlier on in life.
I recently watched Louise O’Neill’s documentary Asking for It? If you haven’t seen it yet, you can watch it here. After it’s airing, I began scrolling through comment sections on social media to suss out what the Irish public thought of rape culture and the issue of consent.
Sadly, I was unsurprised to see so many people claim that Ireland does not have a rape culture. People were either too fixated on the word “culture” or almost literally sticking their fingers in their ears and screaming to avoid dealing with this very real issue. It’s such an Irish thing to do, to sweep it under the carpet, no need to make anyone uncomfortable. We have a rich history of turning our backs on painful subjects. Just look at the Magdalene Laundry Scandal, for one. Modern day Ireland is repulsed with how women up until very recently were treated by the Church. We are also disgusted that as a society we kept quiet. This attitude reflects what we are seeing today with women being perceived within a Madonna-whore complex. No, “rape culture” does not mean that as a nation we condone rape. Not. At. All. Of course, the vast majority of people believe that rape is a heinous crime and those who carry out such acts should be punished to the fullest extent. Consent is consent and using excuses means we will never tackle the real issue head on.
We have a tendency to victim blame, not just about rape but also in many other situations. Just look at Kim Kardashian’s ordeal in Paris, for example. The narrative wasn’t about this traumatic event a human being went through but rather, blaming Kim for showing off her very expensive jewellery on social media. That she was “asking for it to happen.” The same thing happens to victims of sexual assault.
“Well if she’s going out dressed like that…”
“She shouldn’t have walked home alone.”
“How much did she have to drink?”
“Sure wasn’t she mauling the face off him earlier on in the night? What did she expect?”
Excusing a man’s (or woman’s) actions because they were drunk and saying “he/she would never do that normally.”
Every time these words are uttered we undermine the actual issue.
Growing up in Ireland, I could not go with friends for a night out without the following lecture chanted at me like some sort of protection spell:
“Stay with the crowd, don’t wonder off alone. Watch your drink. If someone is buying you a drink, go to the bar with them.”
As a young teenage girl, I had never been exposed to rape. It was something I only knew about from obsessively watching Law and Order: SVU. It was something that happened in far away lands, not here in little ole Ireland. Then again, I did live a fairly sheltered life.
But, as I began going out more, I started to understand why my mother gave me the same speech over and over again, each and every single night out. Even today at 29, a mother of two children, I am still reminded by my mother to do all of those things. Years ago I would have rolled my eyes at mum followed by a “yeah, yeah, yeah. OK, Mum.” Now? I make sure I don’t walk home alone on the rare night I do go out. Or if I can’t get someone to walk home with me, I call my husband for the 7-minute walk home. A lot can happen in 7 minutes.
I recently had a discussion with an older relative about rape culture and particularly, victim blaming. The conversation went something like this:
“Women have a level of responsibility to protect themselves,” the relative said.
In a perfect world, it would be great for women to feel comfortable enough to walk home alone at night. It has been drilled into our heads so much that we shouldn’t put ourselves in dangerous situations but how about we start telling young men before they go out to respect any girl they potentially hook up with. That no means no and not try a little harder to swoon her into submission.
Sexual abuse is rarely ever about sex; it’s about power. Assault can happen anytime, anywhere and the attacker more often than not is someone familiar to the victim. 93 per cent of perpetrators are familiar to their victims.
I responded to this relative with a question.
“If a man is mugged in the street at night. Do you blame the man or the thugs that mugged him?”
This made my relative stop and think.
A few days later we went to the woods for a stroll and some foraging. We separated for a few minutes. I noticed a white van with no windows pull up near me. I looked around to see how many people were around me and checked the laces on my runners were tied properly. My male relative didn’t acknowledge the van, as in he didn’t think twice about it. Women all over the world are on edge. We always have our defenses up. Will that guy cat-calling follow me home? Will I arrive home safely in this taxi?
When scrolling through the comments section under Jennifer Hough’s recent article about rape culture in Cork, one comment stuck out for me.
It went something like this:
There have been no reports of rape over the weekend, so I question the author’s claim that she saw this happening.
One in four Irish women has experienced sexual abuse at some point in their lives. One. In. Four. That’s almost as common as cancer and yet, why don’t we see it in the media more? Victims of assault fear the trauma of reliving their experience during an investigation or fear of being accused of leading the perpetrator on; that they did something to ask for the attack. According to the Rape Crisis Centre Network of Ireland’s (RCC) 2014 statistics 33% of survivors contacted the police about their assault. According to the Sexual Abuse and Violence in Ireland Report (SAVI), only one in ten sexual crimes are reported in Ireland. Of that one in ten, only 7% secures a conviction. Less than 1% of victims of sexual crime in Ireland get justice.
So, just because we don’t see it in the media everyday, it doesn’t mean it’s not happening.
Consent is a hot topic, and Louise O’Neill’s documentary resulted in the subject being discussed everywhere, amongst friends, on social media, and in the news. The end message is we need to teach young men about consent just as we teach women to protect themselves. We are now seeing mandatory classes in collages being taught about consent but...
should we wait until most young people are already sexually active before we introduce the idea of consent to them?
Just the other day my 7-year-old son was trying to get his 19-month-old sister to give him hugs and kisses. She was shouting no, but my son kept trying. At that age, of course, there was no malice in his actions, but something clicked. This is where it begins. I told my son there and then that if his sister didn’t want hugs and kisses and she is shouting no that it meant no and to stop. I want him to understand that now, not when he’s a teenage boy. No means no. We see it all the time, relatives practically forcing children to show them affection. Why are we so pushy for physical affection? Children are not property. We have no right to hit them so why should we force them to hug and kiss us? It is their body. It is their choice. Their feelings about their personal space matter as much as any adult’s.
It all starts in childhood. We need to teach our children that our bodies are our own and nobody, not our parents or siblings have a right to invade our personal space or have forced affection brought on them.
Parents often tell their children to let them know if anyone touches them inappropriately. Abuse often starts with uninvited touching, hugging or stroking. If we force affection on a child who clearly doesn’t want it, it can be confusing for them to know when something is inappropriate. Forced affection doesn’t show children we love them; it shows them that we can do as we please with their bodies.
If you don’t believe the idea of consent should be introduced to children just take a look at the figures from the 2014 RCC report:
52% of survivors aged 13 to 17 were subjected to rape.
15% of perpetrators were under 18.
9% of survivors attending crisis centres in Ireland were children.
Waiting until our children become young adults to discuss consent is too late, and the figures reflect this.
Although parents or relatives have no intention of harming a child, nor do they think they are doing anything inappropriate; we are teaching our children that an adult or other person’s want for physical affection is more important than their own comfort and safety. It starts as early as toddlerhood; we are laying the groundwork for behaviours that continue into adult life. Teaching our children that no means no could potentially save them from assault later in life. It could also empower young people to have sex only when they’re ready to.
We don’t see physical interaction amongst children as a problem until it’s too late. They tickle, they force hugs and rarely they mean any harm. But every parent has experienced an occasion where their child has either been subjected to touching they didn’t want or have been the ones to force the affection or tickles. So how can we introduce consent to children without going into too much detail about sexual abuse?
We need to teach our children to ask for permission to touch another person. “Is it okay if I hug you? Or “Can I have a hug?”
This teaches our children to ask for permission, and it also teaches them to think about their actions before they do them.
We need to teach our children that consent can be taken away too.
Adults know all too well, especially parents that we have days where we feel “touched out.” Kids have those days too. They may have been very affectionate and willing to accept affection the day before but they are well within their rights to tell someone that they don’t want to be touched today. This maybe confusing for other children, so it is vital that we show them that it’s OK to change your mind.
A child should never be forced to show affection to another person.
It is a common occurrence that children are told, “go give Nana a hug” or “give Aunty a kiss”. Children are eager to please so they may oblige but that shouldn’t be the case. No matter how familiar your child is with someone, he/she should feel comfortable enough to say no. Given that 93% of cases involve a person the victim is familiar with, it is important that we validate our children’s feelings and respect their decision. Under no circumstances should you guilt a child into giving you affection. Don’t pretend to cry or be sad. So many of us are guilty of this. I know my husband and I have been guilty of this. Humans need touch; we are social creatures but it isn’t really affection if you force or guilt a child into it is it?
Not saying no doesn’t mean yes.
As discussed, children are eager to please so they may do something they don’t really want to do to please a friend, teacher or family member. You may think your own child has no problem saying no, but they may not be so forthcoming with someone other than you. Our children must also learn just because they don’t hear a resounding no that it means they can go ahead with that hug or kiss.
Practice what you preach.
Lead by example. Children imitate what they see in their day-to-day lives. If they see Daddy (or Mommy) force affection on to one another, the idea that it’s OK to do that is solidified. Many couples will force a hug or a kiss a form of tomfoolery and no there is no ill intent, but still, it is important for us to show our children that we should respect everyone’s boundaries.
Twenty-nine-year-old Yvonne Evans is a freelance journalist from west Cork. She is mother to AJ (7) and toddler, Ollie. In addition to juggling work and family life, Yvonne was diagnosed with a rare condition called Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) in 2013, one year after she was married. Other diagnoses include Orthostatic Intolerance and Vasovagal Syncope, which are a result of her EDS. She shares her life story about dealing with family life while being chronically sick on her brilliant blog The Zebra Mom.